ABEL, JACK
 Source (some data)
  JACK ABEL
 Name and vital stats
  ABEL, JACK [1927-96] (artist)
 Pen names
  GARY MICHAELS
 Education
  Cartoonists and Illustrators School
 Influences
  Jerry Robinson
 Print Media (non-comics)
  Inker: 1974 Electric Company magazine> 74
 Commercial Art & Design
  Continuity Associates 1970s> 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79
 Additional biography
  Comic Book Marketplace #46 Apr., 1997 [obituary]; #61 Jul., 1998; #62 Aug., 1998
  Comics Interview #7, 1984
 Syndication
  TALES OF THE GREEN BERET (ink/) 1967-69 for Chicago Tribune> 67 68 69
 Comics in other media
  SHATTUCK (ink/) 1972- in Overseas Weekly> 72 73 74
 Italian comics
  Various MARVEL features (ink/) 1975 reprint> 75
 Assisted
  Rocco Mastroserio; his first job
 Comics Studio (Shop)
  CRUSTY BUNKERS (pen/ink/) 1972-76> 72 73 74 75 76
  IGER STUDIO (pen/ink/) c1953-c60 unconfirmed> 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
 AC COMICS
  JUNGLE GIRLS~ (ink/) 1992> 92
 APAG HOUSE PUBS
  GRIN~ (pen/ink/) 1972-73> 72 73
 LANDGRAPHICS
  STAR FIGHTERS~ (pen/ink/) 1979> 79
 PUBLISHER?
  INTERNATIONAL INSANITY~ (ink/) 1976> 76
 Note on comics career
  Shared studio with Ross Andru, Mike Esposito, Art Peddy and Bernie Sachs late-1950s> 57 58 59
  Shared studio with Wally Wood c1972> 72
 Fan & trade zines
  Charlton Bullseye (ink/) 1976> 76
 ACE PERIODICALS
  Crime (ink/) 1951> 51
 AMERICAN COMICS GROUP
  ADVENTURES INTO THE UNKNOWN~ (ink/) 1953> 53
  Romance (ink/) 1956> 56
 ARCHIE PUBLICATIONS
  CHILLING ADVENTURES IN SORCERY~ (pen/ink/) 1974-75> 74 75
  RED CIRCLE SORCERY~ (ink/) 1975> 75
 AVON COMICS
  GERONIMO (pen/ink/) 1950-51> 50 51
  Romance (ink/) 1954> 54
 CHARLTON COMICS
  ATTACK~ (pen/ink/) 1962/66> 62 66
  Backup feature (pen/ink/) 1967 in WYATT EARP, FRONTIER MARSHAL> 67
  BATTLEFIELD ACTION~ (pen/ink/) 1961-63> 61 62 63
  CAREER GIRL ROMANCES~ (ink/) 1972-73> 72 73
  Covers (pen/ink/) 1961-63/72-75> 61 62 63 72 73 74 75
  FIGHTIN' AIR FORCE~ (pen/ink/) 1961-63> 61 62 63
  FIGHTIN' ARMY~ (pen/ink/) 1961-63/66> 61 62 63 66
  FIGHTIN' MARINES~ (pen/ink/) 1957/61-62> 57 61 62
  FIGHTIN' NAVY~ (pen/ink/) 1961-63> 61 62 63
  FOR LOVERS ONLY~ (pen/ink/) 1973> 73
  GHOST MANOR~ (pen/ink/) 1973/79> 73 79
  GHOSTLY HAUNTS~ (pen/ink/) 1972-73> 72 73
  GHOSTLY TALES~ (pen/ink/) 1973> 73
  HAUNTED~ (pen/ink/) 1972-73/79/81/84> 72 73 79 81 84
  IMPY (pen/ink/) 1979/81/84 reprint> 79 81 84
  LOVE DIARY~ (pen/ink/) 1976> 76
  MIDNIGHT TALES~ (pen/ink/) 1972> 72
  NAVY WAR HEROES~ (pen/ink/) 1964> 64
  NEVER AGAIN~ (ink/) 1956> 56
  RACKET SQUAD IN ACTION~ (ink/) 1954> 54
  SUBMARINE ATTACK~ (pen/ink/) 1961-62> 61 62
  TEEN-AGE LOVE~ (pen/ink/) 1972> 72
  TIME FOR LOVE~ (pen/ink/) 1973> 73
  U.S. AIR FORCE COMICS~ (pen/ink/) 1961-62> 61 62
  WAR HEROES~ (pen/ink/) 1967> 67
  WAR~ (pen/ink/) 1976/83> 76 83
  WINNIE THE WITCH (pen/ink/) 1984 reprint> 84
 D.S. PUBLISHING
  BRUTE, THE (ink/) 1975> 75
  RED ARROW~ (ink/) 1951> 51
 DC COMICS
  ADVENTURE COMICS~ (ink/) 1977-79> 77 78 79
  ALL-AMERICAN MEN OF WAR~ (pen/ink/) 1955-64> 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64
  AQUAMAN (ink/) 1977> 77
  Backup feature (pen/ink/) 1964-66 in CAPTAIN STORM> 64 65 66
  BATMAN (ink/) 1969/78-79> 69 78 79
  BLACKHAWK (ink/) 1968> 68
  BOY COMMANDOS (pen/ink/) 1972> 72
  CAPTAIN HUNTER (pen/ink/) 1966-67> 66 67
  CAPTAIN STORM (pen/ink/) 1966> 66
  CHALLENGERS OF THE UNKNOWN (ink/) 1968/77> 68 77
  CINNAMON (pen/) 1978> 78
  Covers (ink/some pen/) 1955-98> 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98
  DR. LIGHT (ink/) 1977> 77
  Filler (pen/ink/) 1962-63> 62 63
  FIRESTORM (ink/) 1978> 78
  FLASH, THE (ink/) 1977-79> 77 78 79
  FREEDOM FIGHTERS (ink/) 1977-78> 77 78
  G.I. COMBAT~ (pen/ink/) 1957-68> 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68
  GHOSTS~ (ink/) 1979> 79
  GIRLS' LOVE STORIES~ (ink/) 1970-73> 70 71 72 73
  GUNNER AND SARGE (pen/ink/) 1964-65> 64 65
  HAUNTED TANK (pen/ink/) 1963> 63
  HEART THROBS~ (ink/) 1970-71> 70 71
  HOUSE OF MYSTERY~ (ink/) 1977/79> 77 79
  HOUSE OF SECRETS~ (pen/ink/) 1970-72> 70 71 72
  ISIS (ink/) 1976> 76
  JASON'S QUEST (ink/) 1970> 70
  JIMMY OLSEN (ink/) 1969-70> 69 70
  JUSTICE LEAGUE OF AMERICA (ink/) 1976-78> 76 77 78
  KAMANDI, THE LAST BOY ON EARTH! (ink/) 1976-78> 76 77 78
  KARATE KID (ink/) 1977-78> 77 78
  LEGION OF SUPER-HEROES (ink/) 1968-70/77-79> 68 69 70 77 78 79
  LIEUTENENT HUNTER'S HELLCATS (pen/ink/) 1967-69> 67 68 69
  LOIS LANE (ink/) 1968/70> 68 70
  MEN OF WAR~ (ink/) 1979> 79
  METAL MEN~ (ink/) 1977> 77
  MR. MIRACLE (ink/) 1977> 77
  OUR ARMY AT WAR~ (pen/ink/) 1956-68> 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68
  OUR FIGHTING FORCES~ (pen/ink/) 1955-69> 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69
  RICHARD DRAGON, KUNG FU FIGHTER (ink/) 1976-77> 76 77
  ROBIN (ink/) 1979> 79
  SEA DEVILS (pen/ink/) 1963> 63
  SECRET SOCIETY OF SUPER-VILLAINS (ink/) 1977> 77
  SERGEANT MULE (pen/ink/) 1964-65/67> 644 65 67
  SERGEANT ROCK (ink/) 1968> 68
  SGT. ROCK (ink/) 1991> 91
  STAR SPANGLED WAR STORIES~ (pen/ink/) 1956-68/72> 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 72
  SUPERBOY & THE LEGION OF SUPER-HEROES (ink/) 1977-79> 77 78 79
  SUPERBOY (ink/) 1968/77-78> 68 77 78
  SUPERGIRL (ink/) 1969-71> 69 70 71
  SUPERGIRL (pen/) 1978> 78
  SUPERMAN (ink/) 1968-69/72/78> 68 69 72 78
  SUPERMAN AND BATMAN & ROBIN (ink/) 1968-69> 68 69
  SUPERMAN TEAM-UPS (ink/) 1979> 79
  SUPERMAN~ (ink/) 1968-70/77> 68 69 70 77
  TALES OF THE UNEXPECTED~ (pen/ink/) 1967-68> 67 68
  TEEN TITANS (ink/) 1967-68> 67 68
  TNT TRIO (pen/ink/) 1961> 61
  UNEXPECTED, THE~ (ink/) 1968-69/80> 68 69 80
  WAR THAT TIME FORGOT, THE (pen/ink/) 1966-68/70/72/78> 66 67 68 70 72 78
  WEIRD MYSTERY TALES~ (ink/) 1972> 72
  WONDER WOMAN (ink/some pen/) 1968/77-79> 68 77 78 79
  YOUNG COMMANDOS (pen/ink/) 1972> 72
  YOUNG LOVE~ (pen/) 1971/77> 71 77
  YOUNG ROMANCE~ (ink/) 1969-70> 69 70
 DELL PUBLICATIONS
  LASSIE (ink/) 1954-56> 54 55 56
  TUROK, SON OF STONE (ink/) 1956> 56
 FAWCETT COMICS
  CAPTAIN VIDEO (ink/) 1951> 51
  LASH LARUE (ink/) 1950-51> 50 51
  UNKNOWN WORLD~ (ink/) 1952> 52
 FEATURE COMICS
  Crime (ink/) 1951-53> 51 52 53
  JEFF BAKER (ink/) 1950-51> 50 51
  Romance (ink/) 1955> 55
  Western (ink/) 1950-51> 50 51
 FICTION HOUSE COMICS
  Horror (pen/ink/) 1952-54> 52 53 54
  KAANGA (ink/) 1953> 53
  RANGERS COMICS~ (ink/) 1952-53> 52 53
  TIGER GIRL (pen/ink/) 1953-54> 53 54
  War (pen/ink/) 1953-54> 53 54
 FOX COMICS
  BLUE BEETLE (ink/) 1950-51 and other features> 50 51
 GILBERTON
  CLASSICS ILLUSTRATED~ (pen/ink/) 1957/60> 57 60
  WORLD AROUND US, THE~ (ink/) 1960> 60
 GROSSET & DUNLAP
  SUPERBOY AND THE LEGION OF SUPERHEROES~ (plot/ink/) 1977 paperback collection [Imprint: TEMPO BOOKS]> 77
 HARVEY COMICS
  Romance (ink/) 1953> 53
 HILLMAN PERIODICALS
  War (ink/) 1952> 52
  Western (ink/) 1952> 52
 I.W. PUBLICATIONS
  BATTLE STORIES~ (ink/) 1964 reprint> 64
  BLAZING SIXGUNS~ (ink/) 1963 reprint> 63
  Covers (pen/ink/) 1963-64> 63 64
  FOXHOLE~ (ink/) 1963-64 reprint> 63 64
  JUNGLE ADVENTURES~ (ink/) 1963-64 reprint> 63 64
  PLASTIC MAN (ink/) 1963 reprint> 63
  SPACE MYSTERIES~ (pen/ink/) 1958 reprint> 58
  U.S. FIGHTING MEN~ (ink/) 1963-64 reprint> 63 64
 MARVEL COMICS
  ADVENTURE INTO MYSTERY~ (ink/) 1956> 56
  ADVENTURES INTO TERROR~ (ink/) 1953> 53
  ADVENTURES INTO WEIRD WORLDS~ (ink/) 1952-54> 52 53 54
  AMAZING ADVENTURES~ (ink/) 1974-76> 74 75 76
  AMAZING DETECTIVE CASES~ (ink/) 1952> 52
  APACHE KID (ink/) 1955> 55
  ASTONISHING COMICS~ (ink/) 1952-53/55/57> 52 53 55 57
  ASTONISHING TALES~ (ink/) 1973-74> 73 74
  AVENGERS (ink/) 1979-80/82> 79 80 82
  AVENGERS VISIONARIES: GEORGE PEREZ~ (ink/) 1999> 99
  Backup feature (ink/) 1955 in WESTERN KID> 55
  BATTLE ACTION~ (ink/) 1955-56> 55 56
  BATTLE~ (ink/) 1955-56> 55 56
  BATTLEFIELD~ (ink/) 1953> 53
  BATTLEFRONT~ (ink/) 1955> 55
  BATTLEGROUND~ (ink/) 1956> 56
  BLACK RIDER (ink/) 1954> 54
  BLACK WIDOW (ink/) 1983/99> 83 99
  BLACK WIDOW, DARKSTAR AND STARLIGHT (ink/) 1991> 91
  CAPTAIN AMERICA (ink/) 1954/79/82/84> 54 79 82 84
  CAPTAIN MARVEL (ink/) 1974/77/85> 74 77 85
  CHAMBER OF CHILLS~ (ink/) 1973> 73
  CLASSIC X-MEN (ink/) 1986-87> 86 87
  COMBAT CASEY (ink/) 1953> 53
  COMBAT KELLY AND THE DEADLY DOZEN (ink/) 1973> 73
  COMBAT~ (ink/) 1953> 53
  CONAN (ink/) 1981/84/94> 81 84 94
  Covers (ink/) 1972-80/90> 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 90
  COWBOY ACTION~ (ink/) 1955> 55
  DAREDEVIL (ink/) 1971> 71
  DEADLY HANDS OF KUNG FU, THE (ink/) 1975-76> 75 76
  DEFENDERS, THE (ink/) 1974-75/79-80/83> 74 75 79 80 83
  DOC SAVAGE (ink/) 1974> 74
  DRACULA (ink/) 1973> 73
  FEAR~ (ink/) 1974> 74
  FRANKENSTEIN (ink/) 1974> 74
  FRONTIER WESTERN~ (ink/) 1956> 56
  G.I. JOE (ink/) 1982-83/86-87> 82 83 86 87
  GALACTUS (ink/) 1983> 83
  GHOST RIDER (ink/) 1974/80> 74 80
  GODZILLA (ink/) 1979> 79
  GUNHAWKS, THE (ink/) 1972-73> 72 73
  HEADLESS HORSEMAN (ink/) 1973> 73
  HULK (ink/) 1973-74/76/79-80> 73 74 76 79 80
  HULK AND WOLVERINE (ink/) 1986> 86
  Illustration (ink/) 1986-87> 86 87
  INDIANA JONES (ink/) 1984> 84
  IRON MAN (ink/) 1966-77> 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77
  IRON MIKE MC GRAW (ink/) 1955-56> 55 56
  JOURNEY INTO MYSTERY~ (ink/) 1953-56> 53 54 55 56
  JOURNEY INTO UNKNOWN WORLDS~ (pen/ink/) 1951-53/55-56> 51 52 53 55 56
  JUSTICE COMICS~ (ink/) 1954> 54
  KA-ZAR (ink/) 1973-76> 73 74 75 76
  KID COLT OUTLAW (ink/) 1973> 73
  KILLRAVEN (ink/) 1974/76> 74 76
  KULL (ink/) 1974> 74
  LOCKJAW (ink/) 1991> 91
  MAN-THING (ink/) 1973/75> 73 75
  MARINES IN ACTION~ (ink/) 1957> 57
  MARINES IN BATTLE~ (ink/) 1955-56> 55 56
  MARVEL COMICS PRESENTS~ (ink/) 1991> 91
  MARVEL FANFARE~ (ink/) 1983/90> 83 90
  MARVEL PREMIERE~ (ink/) 1974> 74
  MARVEL SUPER-HEROES SECRET WARS (ink/) 1984> 84
  MARVEL SUPER-HEROES~ (ink/) 1970-71> 70 71
  MARVEL TALES~ (ink/) 1952-56/71> 52 53 54 55 56 71
  MARVEL TALES~ (ink/) 1955-56/71> 55 56 71
  MARVEL TEAM-UP~ (ink/) 1979-80/82> 79 80 82
  MARVEL TREASURY EDITION~ (ink/) 1979-80> 79 80
  MASTER OF KUNG FU (ink/) 1974/76-77/82> 74 76 77 82
  MOONDRAGON (ink/) 1989> 89
  MORBIUS (ink/) 1974> 74
  MYSTERY TALES~ (ink/) 1953-56> 53 54 55 56
  MYSTIC~ (ink/) 1952-55> 52 53 54 55
  MYSTICAL TALES~ (ink/) 1956> 56
  NAVY ACTION~ (ink/) 1956> 56
  NAVY COMBAT~ (ink/) 1955> 55
  OFFICIAL HANDBOOK OF THE MARVEL UNIVERSE~ (pen/) 1983> 83
  OUTLAW KID (ink/) 1955/72-73/75> 55 72 73 75
  POWER MAN AND IRON FIST (ink/) 1981-82> 81 82
  PRIVATE PENNY (ink/) 1953-54> 53 54
  PUNISHER, THE (ink/) 1993> 93
  QUICK TRIGGER ACTION~ (ink/) 1956> 56
  RAWHIDE KID~ (ink/) 1972> 72
  RED WOLF (ink/) 1973> 73
  RINGO KID WESTERN, THE~ (ink/) 1955> 55
  RINGO KID, THE (ink/) 1970-72/76> 70 71 72 76
  RIO KID, THE (ink/) 1955> 55
  RUGGED ACTION~ (ink/) 1955> 55
  SECRET STORY ROMANCES~ (ink/) 1954> 54
  SECRET WARS (ink/) 1984> 84
  SGT. FURY AND HIS HOWLING COMMANDOS~ (ink/) 1976> 76
  SGT. FURY~ (ink/) 1973> 73
  SHE-HULK (ink/) 1981-82> 81 82
  SHOGUN WARRIORS (ink/) 1979-80> 79 80
  SILVER SURFER (pen/ink/) 1990/93> 90 93
  SOLO AVENGERS~ (ink/) 1989> 89
  SONS OF THE TIGER (ink/) 1975-76> 75 76
  SPACEMAN~ (ink/) 1953-54> 53 54
  SPEED CARTER SPACEMAN (ink/) 1953-54> 53 54
  SPELLBOUND~ (ink/some pen/) 1952-54/56> 52 53 54 56
  SPIDER-MAN (ink/) 1985/87-88/90> 85 87 88 90
  SPIDER-MAN AND HULK (ink/) 1979> 79
  STRANGE STORIES OF SUSPENSE~ (ink/) 1956> 56
  STRANGE TALES OF THE UNUSUAL~ (ink/) 1956> 56
  STRANGE TALES~ (ink/) 1953-55> 53 54 55
  SUB-MARINER AND DR. DOOM (ink/) 1975-76> 75 76
  SUPER-VILLAIN CLASSICS~ (ink/) 1983> 83
  Support (asst ed/) 1980-81> 80 81
  Support (prom & adv/) -1987-> 85 86 87 88 89
  Support (proof/) 1986-96> 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96
  TALES OF ASGARD (ink/) 1982> 82
  TALES OF JUSTICE~ (ink/) 1955-56> 55 56
  TALES OF SUSPENSE~ (ink/) 1966> 66
  THING AND GOLEM (ink/) 1975> 75
  THING TEAM-UP (ink/) 1975> 75
  THOR (ink/) 1982> 82
  TOMB OF DRACULA (ink/) 1973> 73
  UNCANNY TALES~ (ink/) 1953-55> 53 54 55
  VISION AND THE SCARLET WITCH, THE (ink/) 1982/86> 82 86
  WAR COMICS~ (ink/) 1953> 53
  WAR IS HELL~ (ink/) 1973> 73
  WESTERN GUNFIGHTERS~ (pen/ink/) 1973> 73
  WESTERN KID~ (ink/) 1956> 56
  WESTERN OUTLAWS~ (ink/) 1954/57> 54 57
  WHAT IF AVENGERS . . . ? (ink/) 1982> 82
  WHAT IF BLACK BOLT . . . ? (ink/) 1982> 82
  WHAT IF GHOST RIDER, SPIDER-MAN, AND CAPTAIN MARVEL . . . ? (ink/) 1979> 79
  WHAT IF INHUMANS . . . ? (ink/) 1982> 82
  WHAT IF IRON MAN . . . ? (ink/) 1988> 88
  WHAT IF PHOENIX, SILVER SURFER AND DR. STRANGE . . . ? (ink/) 1984> 84
  WILD WESTERN~ (ink/) 1954> 54
  WOLVERINE AND HULK (ink/) 1989> 89
  WORLD OF FANTASY~ (ink/) 1956/58> 56 58
  WORLD OF SUSPENSE~ (ink/) 1956> 56
  WYATT EARP~ (ink/) 1955/72> 55 72
  X-MEN (ink/) 1987> 87
  X-MEN FIRSTS~ (ink/) 1996> 96
 SEABOARD COMICS
  BRUTE, THE (ink/) 1975> 75
  COMANCHE KID, THE (pen/) 1975> 75
  IRON JAW (ink/) 1975> 75
  IRON JAW (ink/) 1975> 75
  MORLOCK 2001 (ink/) 1975> 75
  MORLOCK 2001~ (ink/) 1975> 75
 SIMON & SCHUSTER
  AMERICA AT WAR: THE BEST OF DC WAR COMICS~ (ink/) 1979 graphic album with reprint of Capt. Hunter [Imprint: FIRESIDE BOOKS]> 79
  MARVEL'S GREATEST SUPERHERO BATTLES~ (ink/) 1978 [Imprint: FIRESIDE BOOKS]> 78
 SKYWALD PUBLISHING COMPANY
  Covers (ink/) 1971> 71
  FRANKENSTEIN (ink/) 1971> 71
  HEAP, THE (ink/) 1971> 71
  NIGHTMARE~ (ink/) 1971> 71
  PSYCHO~ (ink/) 1971> 71
 ST. JOHN PUBLISHING
  Romance (ink/) 1955> 55
 STANMOR
  Horror (pen/ink/) 1951-52> 51 52
  MR. MYSTERY~ (pen/ink/) 1951 [Imprint: KEY]> 51
 STORY COMICS
  Crime (ink/) 1954-55> 54 55
  Romance (ink/) 1954> 54
  Western (ink/) 1954-55> 54 55
 TOBY PRESS
  G.I. JOE (ink/) 1950s> 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59
 TOWER COMICS
  NOMAN (ink/) 1967> 67
  T.H.U.N.D.E.R. AGENTS~ (ink/) 1967> 67
 WESTERN PUBLISHING
  Adaptations (pen/ink/) 1976> 76
  BORIS KARLOFF TALES OF MYSTERY~ (pen/ink/) 1974/76-77> 74 76 77
  Cars (pen/) 1971-72> 71 72
  Covers (pen/) 1971-72> 71 72
  GRIMM'S GHOST STORIES~ (pen/ink/) 1973-75> 73 74 75
  MIGHTY SAMSON (pen/ink/) 1975-76> 75 76
  MOD WHEELS (pen/) 1971-72> 71 72
  RIPLEY'S BELIEVE IT OR NOT~ (ink/) 1970/73-74/77> 70 73 74 77
  STARSTREAM~ (pen/ink/) 1976 [Imprint: WHITMAN]> 76
  TWILIGHT ZONE, THE~ (pen/ink/) 1973-74> 73 74
 ZIFF-DAVIS COMICS
  Crime (ink/) 1951-52> 51 52
  Sports (ink/) 1951-52> 51 52